the wear life and fatigue life of steel heat-treated components. This article explores some factors that cause decarburization while concentrat- ing on its. Decarburization is the change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost. In complete decarburization, the top. Decarburization is a loss of carbon in the surface-adjacent zone of the material ( Gunnarson, ). From: Thermochemical Surface Engineering of Steels,

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In some cases, decarburization may be induced deliberately.

Metal Mater Trans A. Available in English here and in the original Russian here.

Decarburization – Wikipedia

The intermediate regions will have a mixture of ferrite and pearlite according to the lever rule applied at the eutectoid temperature. The Widmanstatten ferrite is more apparent at this higher magnification.

Corrosion Metal heat treatments Steelmaking. More accurately, the chemical potential of decarburisstion in the atmosphere may be lower than that in the steel being heat treated. If the diffusion coefficient for carbon in austenite ishow long will it take for the depth at which the concentration is 0.

Retrieved from ” https: The sample of M0 was then ground flat on one surface using SiC grinding paper lubricated with water, followed by polishing with fine decarburisahion paste.

Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization. Stfel how decarburisation causes a variation in the microstructure in a slowly cooled eutectoid steel as a function of the distance from the exposed surface. Annealing Low hydrogen Short circuit. Bessemer process Open hearth furnace Electric arc furnace Basic oxygen process. Adverse effects of decarburization include: Decarburization normally takes place when steel goes through the heating process in an environment where decarburisatiion is present, resulting in loss of carbon and oxidation.


The term is typically used in metallurgy, describing the reduction of the content of carbon in metals usually steel. Decarburization or decarbonization is the process opposite to carburizationnamely the reduction of carbon content. You will find below a series of micrographs taken as a function of position away from the surface, and at a variety of magnifications.

A discussion of diffusion and its effects can be found in a set of lectures available online. There is a much smaller quantity of ferrite.

The ferrite nucleates at the austenite grain boundaries and hence appears as layers. Incidental decarburization can be detrimental to surface properties in products where carbon content is desirable when done during heat treatment or after rolling or forging, because the material is only affected to a certain depth according to the temperature and duration of heating.

When considered a defect, material testing can be useful to determine whether carbon loss levels are acceptable.

Decarburization of Steel

Bloomery produces sponge iron Blast furnace produces pig iron Cold blast Hot blast Anthracite iron Direct reduced iron. Electrical steel is one material that uses decarburization in its production. Corrosionpedia explains Decarburization Decarburization normally takes place when steel goes through the heating process in an environment where oxygen is present, resulting in loss of carbon and oxidation.

An image taken in a region between the surface and the unaffected interior of the sample. Microscopy is one of the techniques to determine carbon loss. The heat-treatment usually involves the steel being heated into a temperature in the austenite phase field. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia Print 3rd ed.

Decarburisation of steel

Decarburisarion microstructure at the free surface of the steel. Causes and Preventive Measures. Notice that the steel cannot be of exactly the eutectoid composition since there is some ferrite even in the regions which are not decarburized. This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat The rate of decarburization is controllable. It is thus both something that can be done intentionally as a step in a manufacturing process, or something that happens as a side effect of a process such as rolling and must be devarburisation prevented or later reversed such decarburisahion via a carburization step.


Hydrogen Blistering and Hydrogen Embrittlement: Reduced ductility Reduced strength Formation of cracks Formation of a scaly surface texture Decarburization can be either dangerous or beneficial, depending on the way it is applied or how the metal is used. The size of the furnace may range from a moderately sized building to handle many thousands of tonnes of steel, to a furnace the size of a microwave oven. What is the significance of the high temperature range when considering corrosion under insulation CUI?

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The difference arises because this estimate assumes random walk, whereas diffusion in a concentration gradient is driven along a particular direction. Additional information on decarburization and its commercial importance can be found in the links at the bottom of this page. Carbon will therefore be removed from the steel by the process commonly known as “Decarburization”.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The resulting cross-section reveals the extent of decarburization at the surface, with remarkable changes in microstructure with distance away from the surface.