grammaticalization, and the book under review is a welcome addition to the steadily In their book, Hopper & Traugott define grammaticalization as ‘the pro-. Traugott ; Hopper & Traugott ), is a basic type of change that may lead to Claims about “constructions” and grammaticalization in earlier work. Grammaticalization: Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, second ed., , xx +.
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An introductory essay for the volume PJ Hopper Tense-aspect: It also features in many collocations, such as sure dosure can and sure is. Unity and diversity in grammaticalization scenarios pdf. Email address for updates. These shifts generally follow similar patterns in different languages.
It was not until the s, with the growth of interest in discourse analysis and linguistic universalsthat the interest for grammaticalization in linguistic studies began to grow again. The authors synthesize work from several areas of linguistics. Hopper is Thomas S. Frequency and the Emergence of linguistic structure J Bybee, P Hopper Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure 45, 1 Pratt,Grammaticalization co-authored with Paul J. Newmeyer Limited preview – More specifically, with reference to grammaticalization, bleaching refers to the loss of all or most lexical content of an entity while only its grammatical content is retained,  for example James Matisoff described bleaching as “the partial effacement of a morpheme’s semantic features, the stripping away of some of its precise content so it can be used in an abstracter, grammatical-hardware-like way”.
Aspect between discourse and grammar: A number of semantic, syntactic and phonologicalprocesses interact in the grammaticalization of morphemes and of whole constructions. He was thus able to present a notion of the creation of grammatical forms as a legitimate study for linguistics. Oxford University Press, Although these ‘parameters of grammaticalization’ are often linked to the theory, linguists such as Bybee et al.
Retrieved from ” https: Some linguists trace erosion to the speaker’s tendency to follow the principle of least effort, while others think that erosion is a sign of changes taking place. The overlapping stages of grammaticalization form a chain, generally called a cline. Grammaticalization has been defined as “the change whereby lexical items and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions”.
My profile My library Metrics Alerts. This book presents a model of event structure for the analysis of aspectual constructions and argument structure constructions in English and other languages. Typology and Universals William Croft Limited preview – This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions.
Since it is the entire phrase to up the ante that is the verb, Hopper and Traugott argue that the word up itself cannot be said to have degrammaticalized, a view that is challenged to some extent by parallel usages such as to up the bidto up the paymentto up the deductionsto up the medicationby the fact that in all cases the can be replaced by a possessive my, your, her, Bill’s, etc. The concept was developed in the works of BoppSchlegelHumboldt and Gabelentz Meillet’s definition was “the attribution of grammatical character to an erstwhile autonomous word”.
In some verbs the process went further and produced irregular forms [cf. An important and popular topic which is still debated is the question of unidirectionality.
Grammaticalization – Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott – Google Books
One is the English genitive -‘s, which, in Old Englishwas a suffix but, in Modern English, grammatucalization a clitic. HopperElizabeth Closs Traugott. The last decade has seen a rise in popularity in construction-based approaches to grammar. An example is the traugort to up the ante, which incorporates the preposition up a function word in a verb a content word but without up becoming a verb outside of this lexical item.
Although unidirectionality is a key element of grammaticalization, exceptions exist. Some observations on the typology of focus and aspect in narrative language PJ Hopper Studies in Language.
Lehmann also invented a set of ‘parameters’, a method along which grammaticality could be measured both synchronically and diachronically. In chapter I, first some preliminary A greatly influential work in the domain was Christian Lehmann ‘s Thoughts on Grammaticalization In comparison to various instances of grammaticalization, there are relatively few counterexamples to the unidirectionality hypothesis, and they often seem to require special circumstances to occur.
One language, two grammars?
In Latin the original future tense forms e. Finally it became true future tense in almost all Romance languages and the auxiliary became a full-fledged inflection cf. The authors synthesize work from several areas of linguistics New citations to this author. Construction Grammar, as a kind of cognitive linguistics, differs significantly This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat For an understanding of this process, a distinction needs to be made between lexical itemsor content words, which carry specific lexical meaning, and grammatical items, or function words, with little or no lexical meaning, which serve to express grammatical relationships between the different words in an utterance.
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