Common name: Indrajao • Assamese: dhulkari, dudkhuri • Bengali: kurchi, কুটজ kutaja • Gujarati: કડવો ઇન્દ્રજવ kadavo indrajav • Hindi: कडवा इंद्रजव. Echites pubescens Buch.-Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. (). E. antidysenterica (L.) Roxb. in Flemm. in As. Res. (), partly, as to specimens. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Colin Wenham Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Bart Wursten Garura section of Mazowe River Game.
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The timber seasons well and develops few end splits and surface cracks with little tendency to warping, but is liable to damage by insects. Holarrhena pubescens coppices well and can survive bush fires by producing sucker shoots from burned-down stumps.
The stem bark is mainly collected from 8—12 year-old trees. Bark,Leaf, Fruit, Seed Food: Can include ecosystem services. The flowers appear shortly after the leaves; hllarrhena flowering period is short. Seasonal puubescens and reproduction are usually treated separately. One of its botanical synonyms Holarrhena antidysenterica says it all. Holarrhena malaccensis Wight, Ic.
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The dried stem bark and root bark should be stored in dry, well-closed containers. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.
Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole mm, pubescent, stout; lamina x cm, broadly ovate, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate; base obtuse, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous or puberulent beneath, membranous; lateral nerves pairs, prominent, arched, puberulous; intercostae reticulate.
Holarrhena pubescens may prove useful for the reforestation of deforested land in comparatively dry regions, also because it is not readily browsed even by goats. Phytochemistry of Holarrhena R. It is used to make small articles such as combs, picture frames, carved boxes, toys, spoons, knives, walking sticks and beads, and sometimes for furniture and ploughs. The floss from the seeds is used for stuffing pillows.
Natural reproduction is abundant owing to regular and copious seeding from an early age, comparative immunity of the plant to damage by animals and its power of recovery from injury. Bark and seed are traditionally used to treat malaria. Phytotherapy Research 18 8: Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Uolarrhena, this is the preferred element if an object includes all of these things and details about conservation listings.
The family Rubiaceae in southern Assam with special reference to endemic and rediscovered plant taxa Desc: It is also taken as an abortifacient and aphrodisiac. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Holarrhena pubescens Wall.
Can also include hypotheses of paedomorphy or neoteny, etc.
Holarrhena pubescens – Wikipedia
Antibacterial steroid alkaloids from the stem bark of Holarrhena pubescens. Trees of southern Africa. BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands. Outside India there is no commercial production, and this deserves more attention, given the easy propagation and management of Holarrhena pubescens.
Checklists specific search options Observed during. The oil from the seeds is considered to possess similar properties as the bark. Your comments The flower labeled Indrajao is Indrajao is a deciduous shrub or a small tree, growing up to 3 ms high. Application of this herb is useful in Rh.
Medicinal plants of East Africa. Holarrhena comprises 4 species, 2 of which occur in tropical Africa one of these also in Asia and 2 of which are restricted to tropical Asia.
The steroid alkaloids present in the stem bark pubeacens root bark have hypotensive activity and are simultaneously local anaesthetic and spasmolytic, but they are also cardiotoxic. A dye similar to henna is extracted from the leaves, while the wood ash is used as a mordant. Conessine is a possibly valuable alternative for well-known drugs like emetine in the treatment of amoebic dysentery.
For ornamental purposes shrubs are pruned to improve their appearance. Flowers bisexual, creamy-white, slightly fragrant, in terminal and axillary corymbose cymes, appear along with new leaves; calyx lobes 5, 2. Conessine also shows antibacterial and antifungal activities against a range of human pathogens in vitro.
Includes cues, strategies, restraints, rates. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured.
Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 6 4: The wood turns yellowish or pinkish with age. Seasonal diversity of butterflies and their larval food plants in the surroundings of upper Neora Vall In addition, triacanthine stimulates the development of mature red blood cells and acts on experimental pubescrns in rabbits.
It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative.
Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this.
In India the species is successfully intercropped with field crops. Wild Jasmine x – 26k – jpeg calphotos.
Triacanthine also has hypotensive activity, but is also cardiotonic, antispasmodic and a respiratory analeptic. Related observations Show all.