CAM has embarked on an analysis of a series of such landmark decisions in an attempt to present a The case of Kesavananda Bharati v. The critical analysis of Kesavananda Bharati case. Abstract: The more often faceoff between the legislature and the judiciary is one of the. Case Study: Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr 24 April, Name of the case – Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala.

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Article referred to the topic of constitutional amendment, It was silent as to: The twenty-fourth Amendment bill made just two amendments to the constitution- to Article 13 and Article both had deadly impact. The constitutional validity of first amendmentwhich curtailed the right to property, was challenged. The fundamental question dealt in Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala is whether the power to amend the constitution is an unlimited, or there is identifiable parameters regarding powers to amend the constitution.

According to the Hon’ble Chief Justice, fundamental rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution of India cannot be abrogated, though a reasonable abridgement of those rights could be effected in bhsrati interest.

Keshavananda Bharti vs. State of Kerala

Kamal Nath — Kamal Nath Case. Conclusion This case upheld the changes in 24th amendment in Article and Article 13 of Indian Constitution casf overruling Golaknath Judgment. Article A and 31 B was also added. A common explanation advanced is that this was permitted because these two words did not change the nature of the Constitution at all, but only explicitly expressed, what it already stood for. The petitioners also submitted that it was the Constitution of India which granted the citizens freedom from tyranny which they have suffered at analyiss hands of Colonialism.

CooperMadhavrao Scindia and Golak Nath.

Non compliance with it will result in invalidity of the amendment. However, the passage of the 39th Amendment proved that in fact this apprehension was well-founded.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Applying these tests, the learned Judges invalidated Article 31C even in its un-amended form. Certain principles of policy to be followed by the state. The word ‘amendment’ occurring in Article must therefore be construed in such a manner as to preserve the power of the Parliament to amend the Constitution, but not so as to result in damaging or destroying the structure and identity of the Constitution.


You are commenting using your WordPress. India after over years of struggle got Independence from colonial rule of Great Britain. Justices KS Hegde and AK Mukherjea gave a joint judgment which, although said to be concurring with the majority, has not in fact done so in totality. State of Punjab, A. Primary among these was the imposition of the state of emergency by Indira Gandhi inand the subsequent attempt to suppress her prosecution through the 39th Amendment.

The case was heard by the largest ever Constitutional Bench of 13 Judges.

The basic feature cannot be mauled. Kesavananda Bharathi is the case which saved Indian democracy; thanks to Shri Kesavananda Bharatieminent jurist Nanabhoy Palkhivala and the seven judges who were in the majority. After the unprecedented judgment of Golaknath v. The inherent flaws in the Basic Structure doctrine could not save the fundamental rights of the people of its country of origin, so its failure in our country was only a matter of time.

The 29 th Amendment passed in the year had the effect of inserting The Kerala Land Kesacananda Act into IX Schedule which means it is outside the scope of judicial scrutiny.

While as per the aforesaid views of the six learned Judges, certain “essential elements” which included fundamental rights of the judgment cannot be amended as there are certain implied restrictions on the powers of the parliament. The Supreme Court reviewed the decision in Golaknath v. Keshvananda denied them such power. Also articles AA 7 b, Ajalysis 4 b, ZC and 4 which are inserted by later constitutional amendments and envisaging deemed constitutional amendments under legislative powers of the parliament, should be invalid.

The bench in this decision after putting a lot of thought into it had came up with a very unique. When the Kesavananda case was decided, the underlying apprehension of the majority bench that elected representatives could not be trusted to act responsibly was perceived to be unprecedented. This site uses cookies. Palkhivala first made submissions in Article 13 and Article as they stood before the Twenty-fourth and Twenty —fifth Amendment to the constitution, and then challenged the validity of these amendments which nullified those Articles.

It determined the fabric of Indian constitution which is still relevant and serving analsyis Fundamental Rights case.

The liberty that we enjoy today and rarely think about it is not a one day result. Maybe it is time to reargue Kesavananda Bharati. The sect had certain lands acquired under its name. In their opinion Indian Constitution is kesavanandda a mere political document rather it is a social document based on a social philosophy. Archived copy as title. Summary of the effect of the various judgments: Therefore, amendments which “take away or abridge” the Fundamental Rights provisions cannot be passed.


It is not a mechanism where by particular members or particular parties are installed in office.

Kesavananda Bharati judgment: The Major Minority

To understand the import and utility of the judgment, it is important to focus on three aspects — the judgment itself; the socio- legal and political environment in the country before, during bbarati after the pronouncement of this judgment; and last but most importantly, the Constituent Assembly debates, in bjarati to understand if at all there was meant to be a Basic Structure of the Constitution.

The Twenty-fourth Amendment Act, What is even more damaging is that these subsequently added words are now immortalized in Indian constitutional jurisprudence thanks to the Basic Structure doctrine, which makes them immune from challenge. Ghokle and Siddhart Shankar Roy, her close advisors, get down to the task of ,making major amendments to the constitution. There is a limitation on the power of amendment by necessary implication which was apparent from a reading of the preamble and therefore, according to the learned Chief Justice, the expression “amendment of this Constitution”, in Article means any addition or change in any of the provisions of the Constitution within the broad contours of the preamble, made in order to carry out the basic objectives of the Constitution.

Case Study: Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr 24 April, 1973

The Court partially cemented the prior precedent Golaknath v. S M SikriChief Justice held that the fundamental importance of the freedom of the individual has to be preserved for all times to come and that it could not be amended out of existence.

Press Esc to cancel. There are 11 separate judgements of each judge, however the summarized form of the same is- Writ Petition No. For one, there was a lack of a clear majority judgment, as the 13 judges delivered 11 different judgments in what is said to be a 7: