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Data related to respiratory rate RR and oxygen saturation SpO 2 were extracted exploratlria the questionnaire. The linear correlation between the RR and the SpO 2 in Group I and Group II it allowed identifying that their values have an inverse proportionality, since as the RR increases evidencing values that characterize tachypnea, the SpO 2, in turn, decreases evidencing values that characterized hypoxemia.
Lqparotoma was a significant normality in the parameters of the analyzed variables in both groups, thus allowing an adequate esploratoria ventilation and gas exchange. Comer alimentos con un alto nivel de fibra Beber mucha agua Utilizar ablandadores fecales si es necesario.
January 21, ; Accepted: Associated with these variables, the laparptoma adopted in the postoperative period, the drug therapy and the exploratora care have shown to be effective in the stability, control and return of homeostasis. In this sense, this study aimed to evaluate and compare the respiratory rate and oxygen saturation of patients in the postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy in the first 24 hours after the surgical procedure.
Regarding the minimum and maximum values of RR, Group I had a minimum value of 14 irpm normal value and a maximum value of 40 irpm intense tachypnea ; Group II presented a minimum value of 13 irpm mild bradycardia and a maximum value of 26 irpm discrete tachypnea. As the number of patients was different in both groups, initially, the normality test Shapiro Wilk test k samples was applied; as the variables did not present normal distribution, the Mann-Whitney inferential analytical test was used.
Algunos factores que pueden aumentar el riesgo de complicaciones incluyen: Patients with pre-existing pneumopathies, patients with a postoperative period of more than 24 hours, patients in clinical situations that were unable to answer to the explorqtoria, such as a severe clinical condition, cognitive alteration or mental disorder, were excluded from the study.
Rev Col Bras Cir. En el hogar Es posible laparotona demore varias semanas en recuperarse.
Comience con exploratora suaves y caminatas cortas, y empiece a conducir un poco. The influence of respiratory rate on blood gases in exploratorria on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd postoperative days of emergency exploratory laparotomy shows little expressive variations of RR in the first 3 postoperative days with averages that remain above 20 irpm, but do not exceed 30 irpm, being considered mild tachypnea. In Group I, the mean age of the patients was In the first 24 hours that comprise the immediate postoperative period, which is considered a critical phase of the surgical recovery, it is of fundamental importance the monitoring and assistance to the patient through verification of the vital signs until their stabilization, as well as careful evaluation of the functional patterns, mainly respiratory, hemodynamic, thermoregulator, recovery of consciousness and protective reflexes, thus ensuring return to organic homeostasis 4.
En caso de urgencia, llame al servicio de emergencias.
Thus, the findings of this exploratorka showed that in the first 24 postoperative hours, the respiratory rate of the individuals of both Group I and Group II occurred a priori without significant impairment, making up a respiratory pattern considered normal to discretely altered. Durante las primeras dos semanas, descanse y evite levantar objetos.
This may have occurred because the tachypnea exploatoria in both groups was mild, and since it was only minimally increased in relation to the physiological value, it did not negatively influence the SpO 2because, in this case, despite the respiratory cycle had been slightly faster than normal, it did not happened markedly accelerated and superficially.
Laparotomia exploratoria em equinos 
The median values obtained are within that recommended by the literature, and therefore indicate that there was no negative clinical change in this parameter Table 1. Ramos GC, et al. Se le puede solicitar que deje de tomar algunos medicamentos durante hasta una semana antes del procedimiento, tales como: Es posible que demore varias semanas en recuperarse.
Measurement of the respiratory rate RR was performed with the patient in the position where they felt most comfortable, giving priority to the verification in the seated position.
In Group II, the mean age was Conclusion Regardless of the surgical procedures performed, the respiratory pattern remained normal to minimally altered and, in these individuals, there was no direct interference of these surgeries on the respiratory function that caused a significant clinical alteration exporatoria respiration.
Regardless of explorahoria surgical procedures performed, the respiratory pattern remained normal to minimally altered and, in these individuals, there was no direct interference of these surgeries eexploratoria the respiratory function that caused a significant clinical alteration of respiration.
Initially, an invitation was made verbally to the patients present at the study site and submitted to exploratory laparotomy Group I and cholecystectomy Group II surgeries.
Studies have shown that some level of limitation in pulmonary ventilation is common in laparotomy and cholecystectomy surgeries, considering factors inherent to the surgical procedure, such as pain, diaphragmatic dysfunction, incision extension and proximity to the respiratory system, surgery time and type of anesthesia, which can result in restrictive respiratory disorders 9 Aproximadamente 1 a 4 horas.
The presence of pain in the postoperative period of abdominal surgeries limits the movement of the abdominal region, limiting also the stimulation of coughing and altering the respiratory cycle.
The Box-Plot graph shows an important difference in the maximum value of both groups, where Group I presented a peak of 40 irpm and presented intense tachypnea, while Group II presented mild tachypnoea Figure 1. Except for the isolated values of extremes above or below the reference value, in both groups there was a significant normality of these two parameters. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.
Data were collected through a structured questionnaire applied to patients admitted to the Surgical Clinic of the Municipal Hospital of Imperatriz City. The balance of the systems from the 1st postoperative day reflects positively on the other post-surgical recovery days 4 5. The cases in which the values of both analyzed variables were altered, evidencing conditions of tachypnoea or bradypnea and hypoxemia, were isolated cases, not statistically significant.
However, if the patient refused to be in this position, it was performed with the patient in the supine position, and the respiratory incursions per minute irpm performed by the patient were counted from the verification of the movement of the thoracic cavity, with exlloratoria 14 to 20 irpm as parameter 6 7. The majority of patients in this study submitted to high abdominal surgeries are female, in both groups. However, if it does not occur significantly and the RR remains normal, stable or without significant changes, it means that there was effective control and organic adaptation of the pulmonary ventilation.
And, therefore, the surgical procedures exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy did not promote significant functional alteration of the breathing of these explratoria. The results obtained from the analyzed clinical variables RR and SpO 2 in both groups are shown in tables and figures below. The more distant the RR is from the eupnea condition, as in isolated cases in which it has been markedly increased and characterizing intense tachypnea, the lower the SpO 2 values, showing hypoxemic values Table 2.
The values found were within normal limits and there was no statistically significant result lparotoma clinical change in SpO 2 in both groups.
In Group II, the minimum value was also below the reference value, but with no significant clinical repercussion as in Group I, both of which were not statistically significant Figure 2. Originales Exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy: Patients of both sexes, aged from 18 to 59 years, who were in the immediate postoperative period of high abdominal laparotlma of the exploratory laparotomy or cholecystectomy types were included in the study. The partial pressure of exploratlria dioxide pCO 2 changes but it is minimally reduced, and the oxygen partial pressure pCO 2 is maintained Es posible que le coloquen una sonda de Foley durante un corto tiempo para ayudarla a orinar.
Anestesia Anestesia general se usa en casi todos los casos: The present study is a quantitative and cross-sectional research carried out from November to April at the Surgical Clinic of the Municipal Hospital of Imperatriz City, a place aimed at patients who are in the pre and postoperative period.