Teaching, a certain sage, Gaudapada by name, has written a poem. This poem is now translated, prefaced by the Mandukya Upanishad itself. Gaudapada. Gaudapada, grand Guru of Shankara, is the author of Mandukya Karika, a commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. It was written in 8th century, and is the earliest. : Mandukya Upanishad with Gaudapada’s Karika eBook: Gaudapada, Charles Johnston: Kindle Store.
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Gaudapada’s Karika on the Mandukya Upanishad: Realistic or Idealistic Metaphysics?
The quality of pervading is the Rajasic quality, the doing, the rising to action and achieving quality. For those who, for fear of the Unborn, and also owing to their perception of duality, deviate from the right path, the mandukyz springing up from acceptance of birth [creation], does not accrue. Sleep as a State of Consciousness in Advaita Vedanta.
Before creation there existed no Birth. Mind is a servant that karioa to be supervised by Buddhi.
The wise say that the states of waking and dream are the same, in view of the similarity of the objects [seen in both the states] and in view of the well-known ground of inference. This Yoga that is said to be not in touch with anything is mandukyz to be perceived by anyone of the yogis, for the yogis who behold fear in what is fearless, karikq afraid of it. The duality that is co-existent with both object and its perception is said to be the ordinary waking state.
Gaudapada’s Karika on the Mandukya Upanishad
For all the yogis, fearlessness, cessation of misery, awareness and everlasting peace, depend upon the control of their mind. Taijasa, whose field is the dream state, is the second sound, U, because this is an excellence, and contains the qualities of the other two. Therefore it is gaudaoada name of that Knowledge that forms this entire mortal Universe.
The non-existence of the chariot etc.
GAUDAPADA | mandukya karika
The Vishva and Taijasa state of Self — states Gaudapada — can be a source of cause and effect, the Prajna is only cause, while Turiya state is neither. Gaudapada Karika then acknowledges the theory of Ajativada or non-origination of the Buddhas Buddhists. Assuming how long each lived and when, Gaudapada is estimated to have lived sometime in the 7th century CE. Which quarter is the One quarter that knows all other quarters or states, but at the same time is unknown by those three states?
Their difference lies only in the difference of the organs by means of which they are perceived.
OM is without a cause, without interior and exterior, without effect, and is undecaying. To know Om quarter mandukha quarter is to know the Self, the Absolute.
In terms of Creation the A in A um is that first sound which contains all the sounds, names knowledgethat will form, sustain and end Creation. By a tireless effort such as that by which the emptying of an ocean, drop by drop, is aimed at with the help of the edge of a kusa oarika [use in sacred ceremony], the conquest of gaudapadw mind will become possible through absence of dejection. But he does not see in the waking state the unreal objects seen in dreams.
Inasmuch as the soul, according to the conclusions arrived at by other schools of thought, takes birth from a fancied empirical view point, it is said in consistence with that empirical point of view that the soul is Unborn; but from the point of view of Supreme Reality, it is not even Unborn.
The objects are also imagined on the non-dual Self.
But Prajna is associated with sleep in the form of cause and this sleep does not exist mabdukya Turiya.
This, according to Murti,  may be because this was authored by someone else kariika not Gaudapada, a position shared by Richard King. Similarly, nothing whatsoever is born whether it be existent or non-existent or both existent and non-existent.
The calm soul, contemplating AUM as all—pervading, does not grieve. But that view which is supported by the scriptures and kaika by reason is alone to be accepted and not the other. Just as one, for want of discrimination, takes unthinkable objects in the waking state as real, so too, in a dream, one sees things in that state alone, for want of discrimination.
Then, there follows a state of stillness, when the consciousness has become free from attachment and does not engage itself in unreal things. It should be known that all souls are, by nature, similar to ether, and Eternal. This Unborn Self undergoes modification through maya and not in any other way. Since the experience [of objects] in a dream is just like that in the waking state, the former is thought of as being caused by the latter.
No rational argument can be given to establish their reality, whether they are of equal status or whether some are superior to others. The objects [in a dream] differ owing to the location within the body owing to the spatial limitation.
Everything, again, as one with Ultimate Reality, is unborn; therefore there is no such thing as destruction. The first two [viz.
He who knows thus, exalts he flow of knowledge and becomes equalised; in his family there will be born no one ignorant of Reality. Those well-versed in the Vedic lore hold the Vedas [to be manukya, while the sacrificers subscribe it to the sacrifices.
Both experiences have a beginning and an end. He who knows thus, encompasses all desirable objects; he becomes the first.